The soft part inside the tooth root canal is known as the pulp chamber, this is where the tooth’s nerves are located. These nerves are not essential once the tooth has emerged above the gum line. While these are the nerves which give us hot and cold sensations, they are not vital for the daily functions of teeth.
If the nerve or pulp get damaged in any way, it will begin to break down. As this happens, bacteria will begin to breed and multiply, which if left untreated will cause an infection or even an abscessed tooth. An infected pocket which forms at the tips of the tooth’s roots is called an abscess. An abscess will spread past the roots and a root canal infection can cause the following;
Bone loss in the jaw near the tip of the root.
Drainage issues that can spread to the gums.
A hole may form in the side of the tooth which in turn will allow waste to drain in to the skin or gums.
Extreme swelling of the neck, face and head can occur.
What Is Root Canal Treatment?
Root canal treatment has to be performed over a number of visits to us. Only Dentists or Endodontists are qualified to perform this treatment. During your first visit, we will x-ray the affected area. By doing this, we will be able to see the root canals clearly and check for any signs of infection in the surrounding bones.
Anesthetic is then used to numb the area and ensure you are relaxed. A rubber dam is applied to the tooth being treated to prevent saliva from building up during the procedure. The dentist will then drill a small hole in the tooth and remove the pulp, any debris and decayed nerves from the canal. We will then clean the tooth using root canal files. Several files are inserted through the hole up to the roots to scrub the sides of the root canal. Debris is later flushed from the canal using a solution of sodium hypochlorite.
After the tooth has been thoroughly cleaned, the tooth will be sealed. This can be done right away or up to a week later. In cases of extreme infection, we will clean the tooth with an oral medication. In the cases where the root canal treatment does not end in one day, we will place a filling in the access hole which is removable. This is to ensure contaminants do not get in to the canal between treatment sessions.
The next appointment is when we will fill the cavity in the tooth with a sealing paste or gutta percha. A permanent filling is placed on the access hole. The final step in the treatment is to restore the tooth. A tooth which undergoes root canal therapy usually has a crown or an extensive filling. The tooth needs to be protected to ensure it functions correctly and prevent it from breaking.
Loosing a tooth is a serious concern for most patients. Contact us today and book your appointment at our Beavercreek, Ohio office. Root canal therapy offers a long-term solution to tooth decay challenges.